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HomeJournalsDecoding FPO: What Does FPO Stand For?

Decoding FPO: What Does FPO Stand For?

If you’re delving into the world of investing, you may have encountered the term FPO. Understanding what an FPO is and how it works can be vital for investors looking to make informed decisions about their portfolio. In this comprehensive guide, we will decode FPO, exploring what it stands for, how it differs from other investment offerings, and how investors can navigate this option.

What is FPO?

FPO stands for Follow-on Public Offering. It is a process through which a company, which is already listed on a stock exchange, issues new shares to the public. This enables the company to raise additional capital by selling more of its equity. In essence, an FPO is a way for a company to go back to the equity market to raise funds after its initial public offering (IPO).

How does an FPO work?

An FPO works in a similar way to an IPO, with some key differences. In an IPO, a company offers its shares to the public for the first time, aiming to raise capital and become publicly traded. On the other hand, an FPO involves a company that is already listed on the stock exchange issuing additional shares to the public. This could be for various reasons, such as funding expansion plans, reducing debt, or other corporate purposes.

Key differences between an IPO and an FPO:

  1. Timing: An IPO is the initial offering of shares to the public, marking the company’s debut in the stock market. In contrast, an FPO occurs after the company is already publicly listed.

  2. Use of proceeds: While both IPOs and FPOs are avenues for companies to raise capital, the specific use of funds can vary. IPO proceeds often go to the company itself, while FPO proceeds go to the company and possibly to existing shareholders who are selling their stake.

  3. Market perception: IPOs are typically seen as riskier investments since there is less historical data available for the company. FPOs, on the other hand, involve a company that is already public, allowing investors to assess its performance and prospects more easily.

Why do companies opt for an FPO?

Companies choose to go for an FPO for various reasons, some of which include:

  • Expansion: Using the proceeds from the FPO to fund expansion plans, such as entering new markets or launching new products/services.

  • Reducing debt: Companies may use the funds raised through an FPO to pay off existing debts, thereby strengthening their financial position.

  • Acquisitions: FPO proceeds can also be utilized for acquiring other companies, helping the company grow its market share and capabilities.

How to participate in an FPO?

To participate in an FPO, investors typically need to have a demat account and a trading account with a registered stockbroker. When a company announces an FPO, investors can place their bids through the broker or through the online platform provided by the stock exchange. It is essential to carefully read the FPO prospectus, which contains crucial information about the offer, before making an investment decision.

Risks associated with FPOs:

Like any investment, FPOs come with their own set of risks, including:

  • Market risk: The price of FPO shares can fluctuate based on market conditions and investor sentiment.

  • Company-specific risk: Factors affecting the company’s performance, such as industry trends, competition, and management decisions, can impact the FPO’s success.

  • Liquidity risk: FPO shares may not be as liquid as shares of well-established companies, making it harder to buy and sell them at desired prices.


In conclusion, an FPO is a method for publicly listed companies to raise additional capital by issuing new shares to the public. By understanding the fundamentals of an FPO, investors can evaluate the potential benefits and risks associated with this investment opportunity. It is crucial to conduct thorough research and seek advice from financial professionals before investing in any FPO.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about FPOs:

  1. What is the difference between an FPO and a rights issue?
  2. An FPO involves a company issuing new shares to the public, while a rights issue offers existing shareholders the opportunity to purchase additional shares at a discounted price.

  3. Can retail investors participate in an FPO?

  4. Yes, retail investors can participate in an FPO by bidding for shares through their stockbrokers or online trading platforms.

  5. How is the price of FPO shares determined?

  6. The price of FPO shares is usually set through a book-building process, where investors indicate the price at which they are willing to purchase the shares.

  7. What happens to the existing shareholders’ stake after an FPO?

  8. Existing shareholders’ ownership percentage may dilute after an FPO if they do not participate in the offering and purchase additional shares.

  9. Are FPOs more common than IPOs in the stock market?

  10. IPOs are more common than FPOs since they mark a company’s entry into the stock market and generate more public interest.

  11. Can FPOs be beneficial for investors looking for long-term growth?

  12. FPOs can be beneficial for investors seeking long-term growth if the company utilizes the funds raised effectively to enhance its operations and profitability.

  13. How can investors stay informed about upcoming FPOs?

  14. Investors can stay informed about upcoming FPOs by regularly checking stock exchange websites, financial news portals, and updates from their stockbrokers.

  15. Are FPOs suitable for risk-averse investors?

  16. FPOs may not be suitable for risk-averse investors due to the inherent volatility and market risks associated with investing in new shares issued by existing companies.

  17. What regulatory bodies oversee FPOs in the stock market?

  18. Regulatory bodies such as the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) in India and the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) in the United States oversee FPOs to ensure compliance with rules and regulations.

  19. Can the success of an FPO impact the company’s stock performance in the long run?

    • The success of an FPO can positively impact the company’s stock performance in the long run if the funds raised are used effectively to drive growth and create value for shareholders.